Ramanan Laxminarayan, Vice President for Research and Policy at the Public Health Foundation of India; Director, Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy in Washington DC; Research Scholar and Lecturer at Princeton University
Professor Laxminarayan is Vice President for Research and Policy at the Public Health Foundation of India. He is an economist and epidemiologist by training. His research work deals with the integration of epidemiological models of infectious diseases and drug resistance into the economic analysis of public health problems.
Prof Laxminarayan also directs the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy in Washington DC, and is a Research Scholar and Lecturer at Princeton University.
Co-sponsored with the India Health Partnership in the Department of Global Health and Population, and the Harvard Global Health Institute
Omar Ishrak, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Medtronic
Discussant: Conor Walsh,Assistant Professor of Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Chair: Tarun Khanna, Director, Harvard South Asia Institute,Jorge Paulo LemannProfessor, Harvard Business School
Over the last several decades, medical technology advancements have steadily improved the standard of care for patients in many areas of the world. At the same time, a huge disparity in access to high quality, cost-effective healthcare continues to exist for billions of people. The need in South Asia is particularly acute, with access to care limited to less than 10% of an estimated population of nearly 2 billion people. Innovation must address significant barriers, including a lack of patient awareness, infrastructure and training for healthcare professionals. Medtronic has started a unique program in India using a new business model to target a specific disease, define the full care continuum and build an ecosystem approach to address populations with little to no access to care. Addressing this huge challenge – and opportunity – requires a coordinated effort across multiple stakeholders to deliver innovation to improve outcomes, expand access and increase affordability of healthcare in South Asia.
Thomas Vallely, Senior Advisor, Mainland Southeast Asia, Ash Center, Harvard Kennedy School
Dr. Cynthia Maung, Director, Mae Tao Clinic, Thai-Burmese Border
Dr. Parveen K. Parmar, Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, Community Partners International
Phyu Phyu Saan, Senior Researcher, Global Justice Center, New York
Chair: Arthur Kleinman, Director, Harvard University Asia Center; Esther and Sidney Rabb Professor of Anthropology, Harvard University; Professor of Medical Anthropology and Professor of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School
A billion people, or one-seventh of the world’s population, now live in slums in developing country cities. Mumbai, India, possibly has the world’s largest population of slum dwellers: 50-60% of its population lives in informal settlements on <9% of the city’s land area. A significant proportion of those slum residents live in “non-notified” settlements that lack any legal recognition, resulting in their exclusion from formal municipal services such as water, sanitation, and electricity. From 2009 to 2012, a team of researchers from PUKAR (a Mumbai-based research collective), the Harvard School of Public Health, and NYU engaged in an interdisciplinary project investigating health in a non-notified slum of 14,000 people. With support from the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs at Harvard, several new findings have emerged from these data in the last year that the research team wishes to disseminate to the public. This event will consist of a few short presentations of original research findings followed by reflections on the findings by professors from the Harvard School of Public Health and Harvard Graduate School of Design.
“Why Illegality is Deadly” Ramnath Subbaraman,PUKAR; Research Fellow in Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital.
“A Novel Household Coding System and GPS Mapping for Facilitating Research and Advocacy” Dana Thomson,Research Associate in Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School.
“Water Poverty in Slums: A Social Ecological Framework” Alpen Sheth,PhD Candidate, Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
“Measuring Water Poverty: Insights from Kaula Bandar” Laura Nolan,PhD Candidate in the Office of Population Research, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University.
“Does Living in a Slum Take a Psychological Toll? Evidence and Reflections on Social Suffering in our Urbanizing World” Ramnath Subbaraman, PUKAR; Research Fellow in Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital.
Reflections and Conversation:
David Bloom, Clarence James Gamble Professor of Economics and Demography, Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health.
Rahul MehrotraChair, Department of Urban Planning and Design; Professor of Urban Design and Planning, Harvard Graduate School of Design.
Sofi Bergkvist is the founding Managing Director of ACCESS Health International. ACCESS Health identifies, analyzes and supports in the design of healthcare service delivery and financing models for high quality and low-cost healthcare. She is also is a Senior Researcher at the Center for Emerging Markets Solutions at the Indian School of Business, where she focuses on health financing and public private partnerships in health.
Jerry La Forgia is a Lead Health Specialist at the World Bank. He devises policies and strategies, conducts policy dialogue with clients and designs and supervises Bank lending operations. He is also leading several policy research tasks in health. Dr. La Forgia specializes in health finance and management.
Dr. Paul C. Salins, Medical Director & Vice President, Mazumdar Shaw Cancer Center and Narayana Hrudayalaya Multi Specialty Hospital
Chair: Jinah Kim, Assistant Professor of History of Art and Architecture, Harvard University
For more than 30 years, Dr. Salins has modified, rebuilt and deconstructed faces, some to create harmony, others to restore normalcy, and few to meet an individuals expectation. Yet, great art uncovers faces which fascinates, captivates and powerfully communicates, whether ugly or beautiful, harmonious or full of discord. The real face that in art becomes manifested seems to elude the surgeon, condemning his efforts to boring repetitions of aesthetic ideas. Can this gulf be bridged, and as mankind as we know changes, will art define the new faces we shall seek?
Dr. Michael Phillips, Director, Suicide Research and Prevention Center, Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine; Executive Director, WHO Collaborating Center for Research and Training in Suicide Prevention, Beijing Huilongguan Hospital; Professor of Psychiatry and Global Health, Emory University School of Medicine.
Professor Vikram Patel, Professor of International Mental Health, Wellcome Trust Senior Research Fellow, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, the Public Health Foundation of India & Sangath.
Professor Arthur Kleinman, Fung Director, Harvard University Asia Center; Esther and Sidney Rabb Professor, Department of Anthropology, Harvard University and Professor of Medical Anthropology in Global Health and Social Medicine and Professor of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School.
Dr. Shekar Saxena, Director of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse at World Health Organization, Geneva
Co-sponsored by the Harvard University Asia Center, and the China Medical Board