Bina Agarwal, Professor of Development Economics and Environment, University of Manchester
Chair: Sheila Jasanoff, Pforzheimer Professor of Science and Technology Studies, Harvard Kennedy School
Can the gender composition of groups managing local forests affect conservation outcomes? This simple question has been little addressed, despite the substantial literature on women’s representation in public decision-making and the growing research on local environmental governance. Economists studying environmental collective action have paid little attention to the question of gender. Research on gender and green governance in other disciplines has focused mainly on women’s near absence from community forestry institutions. This talk reverses that focus to ask: what if women were present in these institutions? Would that affect conservation? Tracing the history of women’s absence from environmental governance to their negotiated presence, and based on primary data from communities managing local forests in India and Nepal, the talk will provide some answers.
Global Health Seminar
V Lakshmikumaran, Founder and Managing Partner, Advocate and Patent Agent, Lakshmikumaran & Sridharan Attorneys; Founder and Managing Partner, Advocate and Patent Agent, Lakshmikumaran & Sridharan Attorneys
Arndt Michael, University of Freiburg
Chair: Tarun Khanna, Director, South Asia Institute; Jorge Paulo Lemann Professor, Harvard Business School
Winner of the Association of Third World Studies’ Cecil B. Currey Book Award and the German-Indo Society’s Gisela Bonn Award 2013
“Arndt Michael, India’s Foreign Policy and Regional Multilateralism (UK: Palgrave, MacMillan, 2013). It is an important topic especially with regard to the developing world. It is logically written and allows even non-specialists to grasp the basic topic. It is based on thorough knowledge of the existing literature and incorporates significant new original materials that make this a must read. Indeed, it provides a tight and clear analysis that provides important concepts that build a foundation for the future study of the general topic. Worth reading, especially if you are interested in modern Indian foreign policy. To be sure, it is a topic Americans should be interested in, most especially our leaders!” Dr. William Head, Chair of the Selection Committee, Cecil B. Currey Book Award
Lant Pritchett, Professor of the Practice of International Development, Harvard Kennedy School
Discussant: Akshay Mangla, Assistant Professor of Business Administration, Harvard Business School
Cosponsored with the International Education Policy program at Harvard Graduate School of Education
Despite great progress around the world in getting more kids into schools, too many leave without even the most basic skills. In India’s rural Andhra Pradesh, for instance, only about one in twenty children in fifth grade can perform basic arithmetic. The problem is that schooling is not the same as learning. In his new book The Rebirth of Education, Lant Pritchett uses two metaphors from nature to explain why. The first draws on Ori Brafman and Rod Beckstrom’s book about the difference between centralized and decentralized organizations, The Starfish and the Spider. Schools systems tend be centralized and suffer from the limitations inherent in top-down designs. The second metaphor is the concept of isomorphic mimicry. Pritchett argues that many developing countries superficially imitate systems that were successful in other nations— much as a nonpoisonous snake or butterfly mimics the look of a poisonous one.
Pritchett argues that the solution is to allow functional systems to evolve locally out of an environment pressured for success. Such an ecosystem needs to be open to variety and experimentation, locally operated, and flexibly financed. The only main cost is ceding control; the reward would be the rebirth of education suited for today’s world.
Dipu Moni,Foreign Minister of Bangladesh
with Ruhul Abid, Assistant Professor, Brown University Warren Alpert Medical School M. Shawkat Razzaque, , Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School and Dental School
and Richard Cash, Senior Lecturer on Global Health, Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health
Organized by: Parimal G. Patil, Department of South Asian Studies, Harvard University Susanna Siegel,Department of Philosophy, Harvard University Sebastian Watzl,Center for the Study of Mind in Nature, University of Oslo
Niraja Jayal, Centre for the Study of Law and Governance, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
Chair: Mark Tushnet, William Nelson Cromwell Professor of Law, Harvard Law School
Citizenship and Its Discontents explores a century of contestations over citizenship from the colonial period to the present, analyzing evolving conceptions of citizenship as legal status, as rights, and as identity. The early optimism that a new India could be fashioned out of an unequal and diverse society led to a formally inclusive legal membership, an impulse to social and economic rights, and group-differentiated citizenship. Today, these policies to create a civic community of equals are losing support in a climate of social intolerance and weak solidarity. Once seen by Western political scientists as an anomaly, India today is a site where every major theoretical debate about citizenship is being enacted in practice, and one that no global discussion of the subject can afford to ignore.