Chair: Jennifer Leaning, François-Xavier Bagnoud Professor of the Practice of Health and Human Rights; Director, FXB Center for Health and Human Rights, Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health
Basir Mahmood, recipient of South Asia Institute 2015 Emerging Artist Award, will be offering insights into his practice as he has developed over the last few years, and will attempt to meaningfully engage audiences to mutually construct new narratives around his works. Using video, film or photographs, Mahmood’s work weaves together various threads of thoughts, findings and insights into poetic sequences, building various forms of narratives. In order to engage with situations around him, he ponders upon embedded social and historical terrains of the ordinary, as well as his personal milieu.
In “My father” 2010, an upright sewing needle appears in sharp focus as the blurred image of an old man attempting to thread the needle fills the screen. The agonizing process evokes a sense of humility and empathy through a personal connection suggested by means of the work’s title, as the man fails each attempt at the task. His work titled “Missing Letters” revolves around a collection of ashes from Returned Letter Office (RLO) at Pakistan Post Office, Lahore. Prior to Pakistan’s independence, and during the British Raj era, the RLO was known as “Dead Letters Office”, wherein undelivered letters were kept for thirty days before eventually being burnt. In this work, Mahmood drew some of the ashes of burnt undelivered letters, and reduced these ashes to the point where they cannot be burned anymore.
The Arts at SAI initiative connects South Asia’s curators, museum administrators, artists, and art educators with Harvard faculty and students to support activity and research that advance understanding and appreciation of the tapestry of South Asian art and the heritage that defines its voice in the world.
Her first book Coolie Woman: The Odyssey of Indenture was shortlisted for the 2014 Orwell Book Prize and won the 2014 Gordon K. and Sybil Lewis Prize. The book provides a stunning analysis of indentured servitude while raising critical questions regarding the relationship between history and literature, space, indentured servitude, slavery, free labor, and migration, gender, etc.
Chair: Asim Khwaja, Sumitomo-FASID Professor of International Finance and Development, Harvard Kennedy School
The aid allocation literature reveals a negative association between the recipients’ income and aid inflows, implying that, all else equal, poorer nations receive more aid. This literature has assumed that two forms of aid flows – grants and concessional loans – are determined identically. Thus, its findings reflect average behavioral patterns based on an aggregate of these two distinct transfer types. This study unveils different incentive effects of grants and concessional loans. We show that the findings of the aid allocation literature apply to grants but not to concessional loans. In particular, the amount of grants decreases with income, whereas the amount of concessional loans increases with income. The analysis is also notable for using exogenous variations in remittances and temperature as instruments for income. Other econometric issues such as cross-sectional dependence and multiple endogenous variables are also taken into account. The implications of the findings for aid effectiveness debates will discussed. Further tests reveal a larger impact of concessional loans on investment.
How the gap between the handcrafted paradigm and business paradigm can be bridged
This webinar is for practitioners in the handicrafts and handlooms sectors and all those who are interested in knowing more about the current state of the sector and the immense potential it holds for rural livelihood creation.
This is the first of a series of monthly webinars on the handicrafts and handlooms sector until December 2016 as part of the Livelihood Creations Project.
Every webinar in this series is completely free of cost and is open to global participation.
Charles Shao, Founder and Executive Chairman of Huaxia Dairy Farm Ltd
Discussant: Ateya Khorakiwala, PhD Candidate, Harvard Graduate School of Design
Chair: Tarun Khanna, Director of Harvard South Asia Institute; Jorge Paulo Lemann Professor, Harvard Business School
Charles Shao is the Founder and Executive Chairman of Huaxia Dairy Farm Ltd. Huaxia operates three dairy farms in Hebei, Beijing and Jiangsu. It is the subject of an upcoming Harvard Business School Case Study.
In this talk, Shao will be speaking about issues related to food safety in China, and the role of business and entrepreneurship in addressing safety issues. Ateya Khorakiwala, whose PhD focuses on food-supply systems in India, will compare these issues to the India context.
Cosponsored by the Fairbanks Center for Chinese Studies
As part of its project mission, the Harvard FXB Center for Health & Human Rights in collaboration with other Harvard schools will convene a high profile international conference of experts drawn from academia, government, business and civil society to examine the scientific, technical, social and political aspects of national ID systems. This two and half-day conference will provide a forum for intellectual exploration and discussion, complementary to but separate from convenings on the topic by government or industry representatives.
The conference is envisaged as a forum for opinion leaders and policy innovators to address some of the most pressing conceptual, technical and ethical issues that arise. We anticipate several high level intellectual products coming out of the conference, products that may lead to other institutionally driven fora and eventually to the possible establishment of an international expert commission to review development of national identification systems globally.
Keynote speaker:Nandan Nilekani,Former Chairman of the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI)
Thursday, November 19, 2015 | The Charles Hotel
Friday, November 20, 2015 | Tsai Auditorium
Saturday, November 21, 2015 | Harvard Kennedy School
Sarika Gupta, PhD candidate, Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School; Graduate Student Associate, South Asia Institute
Discussant: Radhika Jain, PhD Candidate, Harvard University
This talk will present an overview of an ongoing field project in Delhi aimed at understanding barriers citizens face in successfully taking up government welfare programs. Specifically, it will discuss a randomized control trial that provides eligible women with various forms of assistance in applying for the Widow Pension Scheme. The talk will also briefly outline plans for a future field project related to voter information before upcoming state elections.
Chair: Parimal G. Patil, Professor of Religion and Indian Philosophy, Committee on the Study of Religion, FAS, Chair of the Department of South Asian Studies
Final Solution is a study of the politics of hate. Set in Gujarat during the period Feb/March 2002 – July 2003, the film graphically documents the changing face of right-wing politics in India through a study of the 2002 genocide of Moslems in Gujarat. It specifically examines political tendencies reminiscient of the Nazi Germany of early/mid-1930s.
After the screening there will be a Q&A with Rakesh Sharma.
Satchit Balsari,Chief, Weill Cornell Global Emergency Medicine Division, and Faculty, FXB Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
The world’s largest gathering of humanity happens every 12 years on the banks of the Godavari in Nashik, and will reach its peak in August and September, when over a crore people from across the globe are expected to converge on the tier II city. In this session, Professor Balsari will share his experience at the 2015 Nashik Kumbh, where he worked with a medical team to train local doctors on how to use technology to track health information of festival-goers in real time. Professor Balsari will discuss how information from the technology can be used to provide early warnings of potential infectious diseases,and the potential impact of digitized disease surveillance at future events.
8:00 AM in Cambridge, 6:00 PM in Pakistan, 6:30 PM in India, 6:30 PM in Sri Lanka, 7:00 PM in Bangladesh, 6:45PM in Nepal
*Please note the time change due to daylight savings time
How to participate:
WATCH: One the day of the webinar, watch live on SAI’s website INTERACT: Tweet your questions and join the conversation on Facebook
Mark Tushnet, William Nelson Cromwell Professor of Law, Harvard Law School
Rohit De, Associate Research Scholar in Law, Yale
Nick Robinson, Resident Fellow, Center on the Legal Profession
Cosponsored with Harvard Law School
Although the field of constitutional law has become increasingly comparative in recent years, its geographic focus has remained limited. South Asia, despite being the site of the world’s largest democracy and a vibrant if turbulent constitutionalism, is one of the important neglected regions within the field. This book remedies this lack of attention by providing a detailed examination of constitutional law and practice in five South Asian countries: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Bangladesh. Identifying a common theme of volatile change, it develops the concept of “unstable constitutionalism,” studying the sources of instability alongside reactions and responses to it. By highlighting unique theoretical and practical questions in an underrepresented region, Unstable Constitutionalism constitutes an important step toward truly global constitutional scholarship.
Devesh Kapur, Director, Center for the Advanced Study of India, Professor of Political Science, Madan Lal Sobti Chair for the Study of Contemporary India, University of Pennsylvania
Chair: Akshay Mangla, Assistant Professor of Business Administration, Harvard Business School
Devesh Kapur was appointed Director of the Center for the Advanced Study of India in 2006. He is Professor of Political Science at Penn, and holds the Madan Lal Sobti Chair for the Study of Contemporary India. Prior to arriving at Penn, Professor Kapur was Associate Professor of Government at the University of Texas at Austin, and before that the Frederick Danziger Associate Professor of Government at Harvard. His research focuses on human capital, national and international public institutions, and the ways in which local-global linkages, especially international migration and international institutions, affect political and economic change in developing countries, especially India.
His book, Diaspora, Democracy and Development: The Impact of International Migration from India on India , published by Princeton University Press in August 2010, earned him the 2012 ENMISA (Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration Section of International Studies Association) Distinguished Book Award. His latest book, Defying the Odds: The Rise of Dalit Entrepreneurs(co-authored with D. Shyam Babu and Chandra Bhan Prasad), was published in July 2014 by Random House India. Professor Kapur is the recipient of the Joseph R. Levenson Teaching Prize awarded to the best junior faculty, Harvard College, in 2005. He is a monthly contributor to the Business Standard. Professor Kapur holds a B. Tech in Chemical Engineering from the Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University; an M.S. in Chemical Engineering from the University of Minnesota; and a Ph.D. from the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton.
Farhan Karim, Assistant Professor The University of Kansas, School of Architecture, Design, and Planning
Chair: Rahul Mehrotra, Professor of Urban Design and Planning, Harvard Graduate School of Design
In the two decades following the creation of Pakistan, the government embarked on a lofty project to establish Muslim nationalism as a two pronged symbol: a binding factor for the country’s culturally different east and west wings and a liberating force for the emerging Third World. A major focus of the project was to establish a new executive capital in West Pakistan—Islamabad (established 1959), and a provincial citadel capital in East Pakistan—Sher-e-Bangla Nagar. These two new capitals were conceived as the backdrop to accommodate the new quintessential democratic institutions: parliament buildings, universities, education training centers and polytechnic institutes. However, Pakistan’s shortage of architects and urban planners, in tandem with the country’s martial government’s Cold War leaning towards the Unite States, eventually compelled the government to seek technical assistance from USAID and the Ford Foundation, and commissioned Constantine Doxiadis and Louis Kahn to design Islamabad and Sher-e-Bangla Nagar respectively. The main challenge in designing the two capitals, though they varied significantly in scale, was to establish the new urban setting as the spatial means to manifest and foster a sense of postcolonial selfhood, Muslim nationalism, citizenship, and economic developmentalism. The other concurrent urban design projects in Pakistan, such as Korangi located southeast of Karachi and the largest slum clearance and urban rehabilitation project of its time, complemented the efforts of establishing new capitals by promoting urban space as an apparatus or a spatial armature to transform the placeless and stateless Muslim selfhood into legitimate citizens. Through a critical discussion of different urban design aspects of these two capitals the proposed talk will show that the discursive formation of urban design in postcolonial Pakistan was entangled with the newly anointed citizenship, territoriality and the idea of a composite Muslim self. Urban design was deployed as a metaphor, if not a means to display and exercise the new Pakistani government’s authoritative power, that symbolizes the aspiration of postcolonial identity and selfhood in a complex way.
Dhruv Kazi, Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine (Cardiology), Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, and Center for Healthcare Value, University of California San Francisco, Division of Cardiology, San Francisco General Hospital
Tarun Khanna, Director of Harvard South Asia Institute; Jorge Paulo Lemann Professor, Harvard Business School
Rahul Mehrotra, Professor of Urban Design and Planning, Harvard Graduate School of Design
Facilitated by Meera Gandhi,CEO and Founder The Giving Back Foundation; Advisory Council Member, SAI
The Kumbh Mela is a Hindu religious fair that occurs every twelve years at the confluence of the Ganga and Yamuna rivers on the plains of northern India. Since its inception early in the first millennium CE, the Kumbh Mela has become the largest public gathering in the world. Today it draws tens of millions of pilgrims over the course of a few weeks. The most recent observance of the festival took place from January 14 to February 25, 2013 in Allahabad, with an estimated attendance of over 80 million people.
Because of its size and complexity, the 2013 Kumbh Mela inspired the Harvard South Asia Institute’s flagship multi-year interdisciplinary research project in a number of complementary fields: business, technology and communications, urban studies and design, religious and cultural studies, and public health. Over fifty Harvard professors, students, administrative staff, and medical practitioners made the pilgrimage to Allahabad, India to analyze issues that emerge in any large-scale human gathering. Launched in 2015, the Kumbh Mela: Mapping the Ephemeral Megacity book and exhibition consolidate research findings and serve as an example of interdisciplinary research conducted at Harvard.
The faculty leaders, representing Harvard Business School, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, and the Harvard Graduate School of Design, will discuss their experience studying the world’s largest festival, and lessons learned for future research.