Join SAI for 2 events on Nov. 4 and 5, and photo exhibition, with Indian photojournalist Pablo Bartholomew, who will be at Harvard as part of SAI’s Arts Initiative, which connects with artists who use art as a medium to communicate intractable social issues that impact South Asia.
In early 1983, Pablo Bartholomew, then in his late twenties, went on assignment for Time to cover the terrible Nellie massacre in Assam, which was one of the worst ethnic clashes between the tribal people and alleged settlers from Bangladesh. Since then he has returned frequently to this region. From 1989 he traveled through the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, and Manipur that border upper Burma (Myanmar).
His journeys through the deepest recesses of the region’s terrain were not spurred by wanderlust or sheer curiosity. They were, simply, and yet, profoundly, part of his quest to understand the diversity of the people who inhabit the hills and valleys whose histories were so vastly differently from the Indian mainland, and a gesture of appreciation, particularly to the Naga hill tribes whose generosity his father, Richard Bartholomew, had experienced first-hand when, as a young boy, he had to trek with his family of Burmese refugees into India. Bartholomew’s intimate engagement with the Northeast continued for ten years, despite his frenetic career as a photojournalist.
Coded Elegance constitutes a mere fragment of Bartholomew’s extensive visual anthropological documentation of the various tribes and people residing in the low Himalayan hills and valleys of Northeast India — a people whose lives are marked by tradition and transition. The series, an off shoot of Marked with Beauty, his 2000 exhibition of rich, color photographs of the many Naga tribes, is influenced by his own collection of portraits of the Darjeeling hill tribes by Johnston and Hoffman, and Irving Penn’s body of work in Papua New Guinea.
It explores his journey and interaction with tribes in Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, and Nagaland — diverse communities with myriad different languages and dialects — as well as the people inhabiting the valleys in that region. The preservation of their traditional cultures articulated through their dress, rituals, and rites of passage, forms the overarching subject of Coded Elegance.
“This spectacular coded sense of dress, which incorporates self-woven fabric, headdresses adorned with animal parts, jewelry made from beads, brass, and silver ornaments, markings on the body and face tattoos, is a function of their traditions and it often makes contemporary fashion seem banal, flippant, and pedestrian,” says Bartholomew.
The SAI Research Affiliates Program supports researchers and faculty each year at Harvard whose area of interest is South Asia. Research Affiliates contribute to the academic study of South Asia on campus by bringing their expertise on a wide range of issues to the University.
Research Affiliates, 2014-2015:
Fauzia E. Ahmed, Assistant Professor, Sociology and Women’s Studies,Miami University of Ohio
Fauzia E. Ahmed has worked with development programs and policies for low-income families in a variety of countries, including the United States. Early community-based experiences with the African American population, in health and education, enhanced her subsequent work with Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in India, Indonesia, Thailand, and her native Bangladesh. Her research interests include masculinity and microcredit, gender, globalization, and Islam, and informal justice systems.
Her current research focuses on the garment industry in Bangladesh. After the collapse of the Rana Plaza garment factory in 2013, which killed over 1,100 workers in April 2013, Dr. Ahmed returned to Bangladesh to conduct a pilot study. As a SAI Research Affiliate, she will investigate how intersections of gender and globalization impact governance and workers’ well-being in the garment industry in various countries in South Asia.
Gabrielle Kruks-Wisner joined Boston College’s Political Science Department in 2013. Prior to joining BC, Gabrielle was an Academy Scholar at the Harvard Academy for International and Area Studies at Harvard University. She earned her doctorate in Political Science and a Masters in International Development Planning from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and a B.A. in Sociology and Anthropology from Swarthmore College.
Gabrielle’s interests lie in comparative politics and the political economy of development. Her research focuses on issues of political participation, local governance, and social welfare in developing countries, with an emphasis on South Asian and Indian politics. Her current book manuscript, Claiming the State: Citizens’ Mobility & Demand for Public Services in Rural India, asks whether and how marginalized citizens of the world’s largest democracy make claims on the state for essential public services. In so doing, the book explores variation in local citizen-state relations and patterns of participation and representation. Other, related research examines the evolution of grassroots politics in rural India, exploring the shifting nature of democratic and citizenship practices in the face of political, institutional, and economic change. Gabrielle’s research has been supported by the Fulbright Program, the National Science Foundation, and the Boren Fellowship.Gabrielle teaches courses on Indian politics; comparative politics of development; state-society relations; and grassroots politics.
Moudud is currently a Visiting Fellow at the Ash Center at Harvard Kennedy School, and was previously a fellow at the Harvard Asia Center. Moudud served as an Elected Member of Parliament in Bangladesh from 1987 to 1989. An advocate of environmental issues, Moudud created a committee of non-partisan parliamentarians representing coastal constituencies working to highlight the tough problems of coastal ecosystems in Bangladesh. As Chairman of a special parliamentary committee on coastal area and environment, she submitted guidelines for a Master Action Plan for saving the fragile coastal ecosystems and marine environment leading to an improvement of the quality of life of the people of coastal areas. She has been campaigning for the regional acceptance and implementation of environmental standards modelled on the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. She spearheaded efforts both within the parliament and among the public to promote environmental awareness and the involvement of women in environmental issues. She was Vice President of the Global 500 Forum in 1992, a UN environmental program that recognizes and honors environmental and humanitarian achievement.
The Harvard South Asia Institute is thrilled to hear the news that Kailash Satyarthi of India and Malala Yousafzai of Pakistan have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 2014 for their incredible efforts in improving the lives of children worldwide.
Kailash Satyarthi has followed in Gandhi’s footsteps in promoting peaceful and nonviolent means to ending the grave exploitation of children and promoting children’s rights. Malala Yousafzai became an international spokesperson for the right of girls to education after being shot by the Taliban.
“We should, in our own small way as the South Asia Institute, capitalize on the attention towards these important social issues that these Peace Prize awards will generate,” said Tarun Khanna, Director of SAI and Jorge Paulo Lemann Professor, Harvard Business School. ”SAI does a lot of work on gender-related issues, and increasingly on education of children, and it behooves us to redouble those efforts.”
SAI spoke with Jacqueline Bhabha, FXB Director of Research, Professor of the Practice of Health and Human Rights at the Harvard School of Public Health, the Jeremiah Smith Jr. Lecturer in Law at Harvard Law School, and an Adjunct Lecturer in Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School, whose own research focuses on human rights, trafficking, and gender in South Asia, on the significance of the awards.
SAI: What do you think stands out about the work that these two figures have done, that got the attention of the Nobel Peace Prize committee?
Jacqueline Bhabha: I think what’s really interesting is that on the one hand you have somebody [Satyarthi] who is a mature, seasoned human rights activist, who is well known to people working on child labor, and child exploitation for decades, and has really been in the trenches and has taken enormous personal risk and sacrifices to carry on the work he has done with a range of different strategies: working with trade unions, mentoring children, and using the courts. He has been a tremendously creative and inventive human rights advocate.
This is the second blog post in a series from students enrolled in the course ‘Contemporary South Asia: Entrepreneurial Solutions to Intractable Social and Economic Problems’ taught by SAI Director Tarun Khanna. The course features several modules on issues facing South Asia: Urbanism, Technology and Education, Health, and Humanities.
This week’s focus: Technology and Education, with Tarun Khanna, Director of SAI, Jorge Paulo Lemann Professor, Harvard Business School
Following our module on urbanism, we shifted toward closer scrutiny of social entrepreneurship and technology in South Asia. Our new module began this week with a lecture by Professor Khanna in which he challenged us to ponder the extent to which technological transmission of information can replace traditional means of teaching.
In the case of South Asia, the gap between the two often seems extreme. Whereas the educational videos of organizations such as Khan Academy and Udacity are viewed by hundreds of millions worldwide and have catalyzed a growing industry focused on remote learning, the subcontinent remains beset by formal education systems that serve their students appallingly.
During our brief reflection upon technology and education, we questioned whether those responsible for teaching future generations of South Asia can learn from the successes of these programs, or whether it is time for their responsibilities to be passed on fully to technologically based alternatives.
Partly due to the work of groups like Khan Academy and Udacity, technology is increasingly being regarded as both a means of learning information and a source of knowledge. Students and supporters praise such organizations for their reliability, the diversity and quality of courses offered and the ability of their lessons to be used according to individual learning preferences.
Nutrition is crucial to global health. Emerging demographic, economic and dietary factors suggest that a large burden of preventable illness is poised to develop in India requiring training for a new cadre of Indian nutrition scientists. There is a great need for nutrition researchers in the country, but few training programs exist.
In response to this critical gap in training, the Bangalore Boston Nutrition Collaborative (BBNC) was initiated in 2009 to connect faculty at St. John’s Research Institute in Bangalore (SJRI) with colleagues at Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) and Tufts University in Boston.
The Collaborative was designed to build capacity and to provide research training for young professionals in the fields of nutrition and global health from India, and subsequently other countries in the region.
Lead by Dr. Christopher Duggan, Associate Professor in the Department of Nutrition, HSPH, Director, Center for Nutrition at Boston Children’s Hospital, the BBNC was awarded the Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative award in 2013, an award that aims to strengthen collaboration and builds partnerships between American and Indian institutions of higher education in priority fields.
SAI supports the project, as its goals align with SAI’s own vision of interdisciplinary collaboration to seek innovative solutions to critical issues in South Asia.
Radhika Blinderman comes to Harvard after 13 years of Sanskrit study, and plans to analyze the most innovative figure in the philosophy of Indian language.
Learning shlokas in a language she did not yet understand did not discourage her from developing a deep appreciation for Sanskrit. “I didn’t have a clue what it meant, but it just sounded so nice to me,” she says.
While a child growing up in India, Blinderman’s desire to study Sanskrit came when she “first became conscious about language,” at a very young age, and she continued to study the language, leading to a fascination with pre-colonial India. “It’s ancient India that fascinates me, and that I live in in my imagination,” she says.
After studying the language for 13 years and obtaining a Bachelor’s degree in Sanskrit in India, she has carried this passion to Harvard, where she is in her first year of the PhD program in South Asian Studies.
Blinderman has ambitious goals for her time at Harvard. She plans to use her language skills to examine pre-colonial linguistic theories from Varanasi. More specifically, she intends to study the work of 18th century scholar Nagesa Bhatta, who she explains as “the most innovative grammarian of all time, and the last one to exist.”
“I want to analyze, from the point of view of intellectual history, why he was the most innovative, and how tradition accepted him as his own, in spite of his innovative ideas, and later, rejected other intellectuals, for exactly the same reason – being bold and innovative,” she says. “I want to answer the question of why tradition accepts someone, and rejects others.”
Hungama, the largest South Asian dance party on campus, was held on Saturday, October 4th in Lowell House Dining Hall.
The event was hosted by Dharma, Harvard’s Hindu Student Association, provides Harvard students with the opportunity to learn about and participate in Hindu cultural festivals and traditions on campus within a close-knit community of fellow students.
The celebration brought three types of Indian dance to the students of Harvard as well as a number of intercollegiate students: garba, a Gujarati social dance with its origins in the Hindu festival Navratri; raas, another dance from western India; and bhangra, a highly energetic Punjabi dance that has become extremely popular in the United States.
With over 400 attendees, Hungama is one of the largest dance parties at Harvard, and one of only two or three major dances in the Boston area to offer garba and raas in addition to the more popular bhangra, as well as short lessons for newcomers. The event provided a fun way for a wider audience to learn about the customs and traditions of the Hindu festival of Navratri.
Beginning October 30, Tarun Khanna, HBS, SAI Director, with Sue Goldie, HSPH, will offer the first of a series of HarvardX courses on South Asia. This 12 week course is free and open to the public.
About this Course
Entrepreneurship and Healthcare in Emerging Economies aims to engage students in an inter-disciplinary approach to understanding the nature of complex health problems throughout the world, with an illustrative focus on South Asia.
Students will become acquainted with prior attempts to address these problems, to identify points of opportunity for smart entrepreneurial efforts, and to propose and develop their own candidate solutions.
Throughout, the emphasis is on individual agency—what can the learner do to address a defined problem?
While we use the lens of health to explore entrepreneurial opportunities, students will see that both problems and solutions are inevitably of a multi-disciplinary nature, and we will draw on a range of sectors and fields of study.
South Asia is particularly vulnerable to disasters, from terrorist attacks, to floodings, to earthquakes that can affect large populations. In order to address these humanitarian crises, the fundamentals of mass casualty management are critical.
On Wednesday, October 1, SAI hosted its first webinar of the semester on disaster management with Shawn D’Andrea, MD, MPH, Instructor of Emergency Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women’s Hospital. With the support of SAI and the Aman Foundation, Dr. D’Andrea has been working on a project in Karachi, improving mass casualty response and disaster response for first responders, and developing hospital leadership.
Using videoconference software provided by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan (HEC), the interactive session included participation from five universities, in South Asia, allowing around 250 students and administrators in the region to interact directly with Dr. Andrea about the fundamentals of Incident Command.
An Incident Command System (ICS) is, by definition, “a tool used for the command, control, and coordination of emergency response.” Further, it is “a set of personnel, policies, procedures, facilities, and equipment, integrated into a common organizational structure designed to improve emergency response operations of all types and complexities.”